The Mangkukulam is the Filipino equivalent of a western witch or sorcerer, the name deriving from the word kulam.
Mangkukulam uses “black magic” to do harm to others. He/she starts the ritual with a spell, incantations or prayer. With the use of manyika (doll or in other call are antiqrwa)this doll is said to be powerful and this is use in ancient filipino, afrikan and carraibian and needles by pricking the dolls body causes the victim to feel immense pain in the part of the body which has been pricked. To kill a victim, the mangkukulam pricks the doll in the heart or on certain vital organs. In order for a kulam to be effective, one must obtain a certain personal body part or belonging of the person you want to cause pain to (e.g. hair).
Usually, one can get the service of a mangkukulam by bribing. Superstitious folks still attribute certain illnesses or diseases to kulam. This most often happens in the provinces, where an herbal doctor, albularyo (/al-boo-lar-yoh/), treats them. In some rural areas, people completely rely on the albularyo to reverse the witches' spell.