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The Friedland castle was built in the middle of the 13th century. In 1278 it came into the possession of the Biberstejn family and stayed in their possession until 1531. Shortly before (1531) she was fortified and equipped with new artillery bastions. The next owner added a lower house (schloss) to the upper castle. This house was built on the site of the original bailey.
The town of Friedland was founded later before the end of the 13th century. Its history is closely connected to that of the castle. “Friedland” or possibly “the Friedlander” was the former statesman of the Holy Roman Empire and the imperial army commander Albrecht von Waldstein (AKA: von Wallenstein). In the second half of the 16th century the exterior form of the enclosure was substantially changed. A one-story house (schloss) with gables and sgraffito was added to the bailey following the plans of Italian architect Marco Spazio.
Von Wallenstein’s interest in obtaining the Friedland castle was, in fact, enormous. His soldiers had already occupied it for half a year after the Battle of White Mountain even though he didn’t take control of the surrounding district until July 1622. After his murder, the castle came into the possession of Matthias Gallas, the commander-in-chief of the imperial army.
After castle fires at the end of the 17th century early baroque alterations were added. A total of 50 rooms can be visited. The interior consists of furniture from the last four centuries. Ceramic, porcelain, a good quality armory and other collections of smaller size can be seen here. Among the curiosities are two hundred pipes.